A la conquista del mundo en línea: internet como objeto de estudio (1990–2007)

Ignacio Siles González


Este artículo explora el desarrollo de la investigación sobre internet (principalmente anglófona) entre 1990 y 2007. Para esto, se analizan los principales ejes temáticos de los estudios sobre tal medio a lo largo de casi dos décadas, y se presentan diversos debates que han definido su evolución como objeto de estudio. Se sugiere, a final de cuentas, que los estudios sobre internet constituyen un campo de conocimientos en proceso de construcción, con creciente legitimidad académica.

Palabras clave

estudios sobre internet; comunicación mediada por computadora; cibercultura; nuevos medios; historia

Texto completo:



Aronowitz, S., Martinsons, B., Menser, M., & Rich, J. (eds.) (1996) Technoscience and cyberculture, New York: Routledge.

Bakardjieva, M. (2005) Internet society: the internet in everyday life, London: Sage.

Barlow, J. P. (1995) "Is there a there in cyberspace?", Utne Reader (March–April).

Baym, N. K. (1995) "The emergence of community in computer–mediated communication", en S. G. Jones (ed.),Cybersociety: computer mediated communication and community, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baym, N. K. (2000) Tune in, log on: soaps, fandom, and online community, Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Baym, N. K. (2005) "Internet research as it isn't, is, could be, and should be", The Information Society,21(4).

Beaulieu, A. (2004) "Mediating ethnography: objectivity and the making of ethnographies of the internet", Social Epistemology, 18 (2–3).

Beaulieu, A. (2005) "Sociable hyperlinks: an ethnographic approach to connectivity", en C. Hine (ed.), Virtual Methods, Oxford: Berg.

Bell, D. (2001) An introduction to cybercultures, London: Routledge.

Bell, D. y Kennedy, B. M. (2000) The cybercultures reader, New York: Routledge.

Bingham, N. (1999) "Unthinkable complexity? Cyberspace otherwise", en M. Crang, P. Crang & J. May (eds.),Virtual geographies: bodies, space and relations, New York: Routledge.

Boczkowski, P. J. (2004) "Books to think with", New Media & Society, 6(1).

Bowker, G. C. (1998) "Modest reviewer goes on virtual voyage: some recent literature of cyberspace",Technology and Culture, 39(3).

Carey, J. W. (2005) "Historical pragmatism and the internet", New Media & Society, 7(4).

Danet, B., & Herring, S. C. (2003) "The Multilingual internet", Journal of Computer–Mediated Communication,9(1).

Danet, B., y Herring, S. C. (eds.) (2007) The multilingual internet: language, culture, and communication online, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dibbell, J. (1993) "A rape in cyberspace; or how an evil clown, a haitian trickster spirit, two wizards, and a cast of dozens turned a database into a society", The Village Voice.

Escobar, A. (2000) "Welcome to cyberia: notes on the anthropology of cyberculture", en D. Bell & B. M. Kennedy (eds.), The Cybercultures Reader, London: Routledge.

Featherstone, M., & Burrows, R. (eds.) (1995) Cyberspace/cyber–bodies/cyberpunk, London: Sage.

Fernback, J. (2007) "Beyond the diluted community concept: a symbolic interactionist perspective on online social relations", New Media & Society, 9(1).

Fernback, J. y Thompson, B. (1995) "Computer–mediated communication and the american collectivity: the dymensions of community within cyberspace", International Communication Association.

Flichy, P. (2001) L 'imaginaire d'internet, Paris: La Découverte.

Fuentes Navarro, R. (2000) Educación y telemática (Enciclopedia Latinoamericana de Sociocultura y Comunicación, vol. 6), Bogotá: Norma.

Foot, K. A., & Schneider, S. M. (2006) Web campaigning, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gibson, W. (1984) Neuromancer, New York: Ace.

Gillespie, T. (2007) Wired shut: copyright and the shape of digital culture, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Goggin, G., & McLelland, M. (eds.) (2007) Internationalizing internet studies: beyond anglophone paradigms,London: Routledge.

Haythornthwaite, C., & Wellman, B. (eds.) (2002) The internet in everyday life, Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Heim, M. (1993) The metaphysics of virtual reality, New York: Oxford University Press.

Hine, C. (2000) Virtual ethnography, London: Sage.

Hine, C. (2005a) "Internet research and the sociology of cyber–social–scientific knowledge", The information society, 21(4).

Hine, C. (ed.) (2005b) Virtual methods: issues in social research on the internet, Oxford: Berg.

Hine, C. (2007) "Connective ethnography for the exploration of e–science", Journal of Computer–Mediated Communication, 12(2).

Howard, P. N., & Jones, S. (eds.) (2004) Society online: the internet in context, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jankowski, N. W. (2006) "Creating community with media: history, theories and scientific investigations", en L. Lievrouw & S. Livingstone (eds.), The handbook of new media, London: Sage.

Jensen, J. F. (1999) "Interactivity: tracking a new concept in media and communication studies", en P. A. Mayer (ed.), Computer mediated communication: a reader, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jones, S. (ed.) (1995) Cybersociety: computer–mediated communication and community, London: Sage.

Jones, S. (ed.) (1997) Virtual culture: identity and communication in cybersociety, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jones, S. (ed.) (1998) Cybersociety 2.0: Revisiting computer–mediated–communication and community,Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jones, S. (ed.) (1999) Doing internet research: critical issues and methods for examining the net, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jones, S. (2005) "Fizz in the field: toward a basis for an emergent internet studies", The information society,21(4).

Jones, S. (2006) "Foreword: dreams of fields: possible trajectories of internet studies", en D. Silver & A. Massanari (eds.), Critical cyberculture studies, New York: New York University Press.

Landow, G. P. (1997) Hypertext 2.0: the convergence of contemporary critical theory and technology,Baltimore: John Hopkins Press.

Latour, B. (1997 (1991)) Nous n'avons jamais été modernes: essai d'anthropologie symétrique, Paris: La Découverte.

Lea, M., y Spears, R. (1991) "Computer–mediated communication, de–individuation and group decision–making", International Journal of Man–Machine Studies, 34(2).

Lievrouw L., & Livingstone, S. (eds.) (2006) Handbook of new media: social shaping and social consequences of ICTs (Updated Student ed.) London: Sage.

Livingstone, S. (2005) "Critical debates in internet studies: reflections on an emerging field", en J. Curran & M. Gurevitch (eds.), Mass Media and society, 4th Edition. London: Hodder Arnold.

Livingstone, S. (2007) "On the material and the symbolic: Silverstone's double articulation of research traditions in new media studies", New media & society, 9(1).

Miller, D., & Slater, D. (2000) The internet: an ethnographic approach, Oxford: Berg.

Nakamura, L. (2002) Cybertypes: race, ethnicity, and identity on the internet, London: Routledge.

Nakamura, L. (2006) "Cultural difference, theory, and cyberculture studies: a case of mutual repulsion", en D. Silver & A. Massanari (eds.), Critical cyberculture studies, New York: New York University Press.

Newhagen, J. E., & Rafaeli, S. (1996) "Why do communication researchers should study the internet: a dialogue", Journal of Communication, 46(1).

Park, H. W., & Thelwall, M. (2003) "Hyperlink analyses of the world wide web: a review". Journal of Computer–Mediated Communication, 8(4), http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol8/issue4/park.html

Park, H. W., & Thelwall, M. (2005) "The network approach to web hyperlink research and its utility for science communication", en C. Hine (ed.), Virtual Methods. Oxford: Berg.

Proulx, S., & Latzko–Toth, G. (2000) "La virtualité comme catégorie pour penser le social: l'usage de la notion de communauté virtuelle", Sociologie et Sociétés, XXXII (2).

Rheingold, H. (2000) The virtual community: homesteading on the electronic frontier (revised ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Rice, R. E., & Love, G. (1987) "Electronic emotion: socioemotional content in a computer–mediated communication network", Communication Research, 14(1).

Robinson, L. (2007) "The cyberself: the selfing project goes online, symbolic interaction in the digital age", New Media & Society, 9(1).

Rudy, I. A. (1994) "A bibliography of organizational computer–mediated communication", en:http://shum.cc.huji.ac.il/jcmc/rudybib.html

Schaap, F. (2006) "Disaggregation, technology, and masculinity: elements of internet research", en D. Silver & A. Massanari (eds.), Critical cyberculture studies, New York: New York University Press.

Schneider, S. M., & Foot, K. A. (2004) "The web as an object of study", New Media & Society,6(1).

Shields, R. (ed.) (1996) Cultures of internet: virtual spaces, real histories, living bodies, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Siles, I. (2005) "Internet, virtualidad y comunidad". Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 108(II).

Silver, D. (2000) "Looking backwards, looking forwards: cyberculture studies 1990–2000", en D. Gauntlett (ed.),Web.Studies: rewiring media studies for the digital age, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Silver, D. (2004) "Internet/cyberculture/digital culture/new media/fill–in–the–blank studies", New Media & Society, 6(1.

Silver, D. y Massanari, A. (2006) Critical cyberculture studies, New York: New York University Press.

Silverstone, R. (1994) Television and everyday life, London: Routledge.

Slater, D. (2003) "Modernity under construction: building the internet in Trinidad", en T. J. Misa, P. Brey & A. Feenberg (eds.), Modernity and rechnology, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Smith, M. A. (1999) "Invisible crowds in cyberspace: mapping the social structure of the usenet", en M. A. Smith & P. Kollock (eds.), Communities in cyberspace, London: Routledge.

Sproull, L., & Kiesler, S. (1991) Connections: new ways of working in the networked organization,Cambridge,MA: MIT Press.

Star, S. L. (ed.) (1995) The cultures of computing, Oxford: Blackwell.

Stefik, M. (ed.) (1996) Internet dreams: archetypes, myths, and metaphors, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sterne, J. (1999) "Thinking the internet: cultural studies versus the millennium", en S. Jones (ed.), Doing internet research: critical issues and methods for examining the net, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sterne, J. (2005) "Digital media and disciplinarity", The information Society, 21(4).

Sterne, J. (2006) "The historiography of cyberculture", en D. Silver & A. Massanari (eds.), Critical cyberculture studies, New York: New York University Press.

Stone, A. R. (1991) "Will the real body please stand up?: boundary stories about virtual cultures", en M. Benedikt (ed.), Cyberspace: first steps, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Stone, A. R. (1996) The war of desire and technology at the close of the mechanical age, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Thomsen, S. R., Straubhaar, J. D., & Bolyard, D. M. (1998) Ethnomethodology and the study of online communities: exploring the cyber streets, paper presented at the IRISS' 98, Bristol, UK.

Turkle, S. (1995) La vida en la pantalla, Barcelona: Paidós ((1997) Life on the screen: identity in the age of the internet, New York: Simon & Schuster). [ Links ]

Turner, F. (1999) "Cyberspace as the new frontier?: mapping the shifting boundaries of the network society" (electronic version). Red Rock Eater News Service, June 6 fromwww.stanford.edu/~fturner/Turner%20Cyberspace%20Red%20Rock%20Eater%201999.pdf

Turner, F. (2005) "Where the counterculture met the new economy: the Well and the origins of virtual community", Technology and Culture, 46.

Wakeford, N. (2000) "New media, new methodologies: studying the web", en D. Gauntlett (ed.), Web.Studies: rewiring media studies for the digital age, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Walther, J. B., Gay, G., & Hancock, J. T. (2005) "How do communication and technology researchers study the internet?", Journal of Communication, 55(3).

Watt, S. E., Lea, M., & Spears, R. (2002) "How social is internet communication? a reappraisal of bandwidth and anonymity effects", en S. Woolgar (ed.), Virtual society? technology, cyberbole, reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wellman, B. (2004) "The three ages of internet studies: ten, five and zero years ago", New Media & Society,6(1).

Wellman, B. y Gulia, M. (1999) "Virtual communities as communities: net surfers don't ride alone", en M. A. Smith & P. Kollock (eds.), Communities in cyberspace, New York: Routledge.

Wise, J. M. (1997). Exploring technology and social space, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Comunicación y Sociedad, Año 15, No. 32, mayo-agosto 2018, es una publicación cuatrimestral editada por la Universidad de Guadalajara, a través del Departamento de Estudios de la Comunicación Social, por la División de Estudios de la Cultura, del CUCSH Campus Belenes, Av. Parres Arias #150, Col. Belenes, C.P. 45100, Zapopan, Jalisco, México, Tel. (52-33) 38193362, http://www.comunicacionysociedad.cucsh.udg.mx, comysoc@yahoo.com.mx. Editor responsable: Gabriela Gómez Rodríguez. Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo 04-2014-120517405800-203, ISSN: 2448-9042, otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este número: Departamento de Estudios de la Comunicación Social, División de Estudios de la Cultura del CUCSH Campus Belenes, Av. Parres Arias # 150, Col. Belenes, C.P. 45100. Zapopan, Jalisco, México, Dra. Gabriela Gómez Rodríguez. Fecha de la última modificación 26 de febrero de 2018.

Las opiniones expresadas por los autores no necesariamente reflejan la postura del editor de la publicación.

Queda estrictamente prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de los contenidos e imágenes de la publicación sin previa autorización de la Universidad de Guadalajara.